South Africa is known as the largest gold producing country of the world. There are at least 2000 ancient gold mines scattered throughout Southern Africa.The largest gold producing area of the world is Witwatersrand, the same region where the ancient metropolis is found. In fact nearby Johannesburg, one of the best known cities of South Africa, is also named ”Egoli” which means the city of gold.
Regarding the most ancient gold mines of Monotapa in southern Zimbabwe, Zulu legends hold that they were worked by ”artificially produced flesh and blood slaves created by the First People.” These slaves, the Zulu legends recount, ”went into battle with the Ape-Man” when ”the great war star appeared in the sky” (see Indaba My Children, by the Zulu medicine man Credo Vusamazulu Mutwa). [Genesis Revisited]
Until the 16th century the gold producing region of Mpumalanga was known as Komatiland. Early Portuguese sources describe it as Terra dos Macomates, the land of the Komati people. Komati was the professional name of a Dravidian merchant caste of South India. This name is still attached to the Komati River, Komatipoort, etc. During centuries of gold exploration they mixed with the indigenous Kung (Bushmen) creating the Quena (Otentottu), and with the Black people from the NW creating the aBantu people, and together they gave rise to the MaKomati. The pre-European form of the name was MaKomatidesa, Land of the MaKomati. (Cyril Hromnik, 1995)
Then perform a low flying search inside the area formed by this rectangle. Simply Amazing!
Did gold play some role in the dense population that once lived here? The site is just about 150 miles from an excellent port where maritime trade could have helped to support such a large population. But remember — we’re talking almost 200,000 years ago!
The individual ruins [see below] mostly consist of stone circles. Most have been buried in the sand and are only observable by satellite or aircraft. Some have been exposed when the changing climate has blown the sand away, revealing the walls and foundations.