Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. According to his calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.
Chess was invented in India.
Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.
The ‘Place Value System’ and the ‘Decimal System’ were developed in India
The value of ”pi” was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century, long before the European mathematicians.
Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus also originated in India. Quadratic Equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C. during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera: 10*12(10 to the power of 12).
Many known scientists and scholars have gotten their inspiration from the Indian Veda litterature.
Below are some quotes.
Albert Einstein (1879 -1955)
“When I read the Bhagavad-Gita and reflect about how God created this universe everything else seems so superfluous.”
”We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.“
J. Robert Oppenheimer, American nuclear physicist (1904-1967)
”If the radiance of a thousand suns were to burst into the sky, that would be like the splendour of the Mighty One. . . . Now I am become death, the destroyer of worlds.“
Oppenheimer ”the father of the atomic bomb” quoting from the Hindu scripture Bhagavad-Gita upon witnessing the mushroom cloud resulting from the detonation of the world’s first atomic bomb in New Mexico, U.S.A., on July 16, 1945.
“Access to the Vedas is the greatest privilege this century may claim over all previous centuries. “
Jean-Sylvain Bailly, French Astronomer, (1736-1793)
“The motion of the stars calculated by the Hindus before some 4500 years vary not even a single minute from the tables of Cassine and Meyer (used in the 19-th century).
…The Hindu systems of astronomy are by far the oldest and that from which the Egyptians, Greek, Romans and – even the Jews derived from the Hindus their knowledge.”
Victor Cousin, French Philosopher (1792-1867)
”When we read the poetical and philosophical monuments of the East – above all, those of India, which are beginning to spread in Europe – we discover there many a truth, and truths so profound, and which make such a contrast with the meanness of the results at which European genius has sometimes stopped, that we are constrained to bend the knee before the philosophy of the East, and to see in this cradle of the human race the native land of the highest philosophy.“
Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA (1891-1962):
”India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border.”
Dr. Arnold Joseph Toynbee, British Historian (1889-1975)
”It is already becoming clear that a chapter which had a Western beginning will have to have an Indian ending, if it is not to end in the self-destruction of the human race. At this supremely dangerous moment in human history, the only way of salvation for mankind is the Indian way.”
Will Durant, American historian, (1885-1981)
”India was the motherland of our race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe’s languages; she was the mother of our philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of self-government and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all”.
“Perhaps in return for conquest, arrogance and spoliation, India will teach us the tolerance and gentleness of the mature mind, the quiet content of the unacquisitive soul, the calm of the understanding spirit, and a unifying, a pacifying love for all living things.”
Sir William Jones, Jurist, (1746-1794)
“…The Sanskrit language is of wonderful structure, more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin and more exquisitely refined than either.
“… a stronger affinity than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong, indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three, without first believing them to have sprung from some common source… ”
Ralph Waldo Emerson, Philosopher (1803-1882)
”I owed a magnificent day to the Bhagavad-Gita. It was the first of books; it was as if an empire spoke to us, nothing small or unworthy, but large, serene, consistent, the voice of an old intelligence which in another age and climate had pondered and thus disposed of the same questions which exercise us.“
“The Indian teaching, through its clouds of legends, has yet a simple and grand religion, like a queenly countenance seen through a rich veil. It teaches to speak truth, love others, and to dispose trifles. The East is grand – and makes Europe appear the land of trifles. …all is soul and the soul is Vishnu …cheerful and noble is the genius of this cosmogony”
“When India was explored, and the wonderful riches of Indian theological literature found, that dispelled once and for all, the dream about Christianity being the sole revelation. Nature makes a Brahmin of me presently.”
Arthur Schopenhauer, German Philosopher (1788-1860)
”In the whole world there is no study so beneficial and so elevating as that of the Upanishads. It has been the solace of my life – it will be the solace of my death.”
“It is the most rewarding and the most elevating book which can be possible in the world. “
“I believe that the influence of the Sanskrit literature will penetrate not less deeply than did the revival of Greek literature in the fifteenth century.”
Henry David Thoreau, American Philosopher (1817-1862)
“…In the morning I bathe my intellect in the stupendous and cosmological philosophy of the Bhagavad-Gita in comparison with which our modern world and its literature seem puny and trivial.”
“…Whenever I have read any part of the Vedas, I have felt that some unearthly and unknown light illuminated me. In the great teaching of the Vedas, there is no touch of the sectarianism. It is of ages, climes, and nationalities and is the royal road for the attainment of the Great Knowledge. When I am at it, I feel that I am under the spangled heavens of a summer night.“
Mark Twain, American Author (1835-1920)
“This is India!
The land of dreams and romance,
of fabulous wealth and fabulous poverty,
of splendour and rags, of palaces and hovels,
of famine and pestilence,
of genii and giants and Aladdin lamps,
of tigers and elephants, the cobra and the jungle,
the country of a hundred nations and a hundred tongues,
of a thousand religions and two million gods,
cradle of the human race, birthplace of human speech,
mother of history, grandmother of legend, great-grandmother of tradition, whose yesterdays bear date with the mouldering antiquities of the rest of the nations – the one sole country under the sun that is endowed with an imperishable interest for alien persons, for lettered and ignorant, wise and fool, rich and poor,
bond and free, the one land that all men desire to see,
and having seen once, by even a glimpse,
would not give that glimpse for all the shows of all the rest of the globe combined. Even now, after a lapse of a year, the delirium of those days in Bombay has not left me and I hope it never will.”
Ken Wilber American Philosopher and Author (b-1949)
“Larry [ Warchowski ] is just about as philosophically /spiritually well read as anyone you’re likely to find, and The Matrix films are a stunning tribute to that fact. Larry said that when he found Ken’s work, ”It was like Schopenhauer discovering the Upanishads.”
Professor Max Muller, (1823-1900)
”India, what can it teach us?,
”If I were to look over the whole world to find out the country most richly endowed with all the wealth, power and beauty that nature can bestow, in some parts a very paradise on earth,
I should point to India.
If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most developed some of it choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the greatest problems of life and has found solutions of some of them which will deserve the attention even of those who have studied Plato and Kant,
I should point to India.
And if I were to ask myself from what literature we, here in Europe, who have been nurtured most exclusively on the thoughts of the Greeks and Romans and of the Semitic race and the Jewish may draw that corrective which is most wanted in order to make our inner life more comprehensive, more universal, in fact a more truly human life, again,
I should point to India”.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica says:
”Man must have an original cradle land whence the peopling of the earth was brought about by migration.
As to man’s cradle land, there have been many theories but the weight of evidence is in favour of Indo-Malaysia.”
”If there is a country on earth which can justly claim the honour of having been the cradle of the Human race or at least the scene of primitive civilization, the successive developments of which carried into all parts of the ancient world and even beyond, the blessings of knowledge which is the second life of man, that country is assuredly India.“
George Harrison, Beatles (1943 – 2001)
”For every human there is a quest to find the answer to why I am here, who am I, where did I come from, where am I going. For me that became the most important thing in my life. Everything else is secondary.”
”Here everybody is vibrating on a material level, which is nowhere. Over there [India], they have this great feeling of something else that’s just spiritual going on. “
Lin Yutang, Chinese writer, (1895-1976)
“India was China’s teacher in religion and imaginative literature, and world’s teacher in Trigonometry, quadratic equations, grammar, phonetics, Arabian Nights, animal fables, chess as well as in philosophy, and she inspired Boccasccio, Goethe, Schopenhauer and Emerson.”
Voltaire Author and Philosopher, (1694-1778)
”It does not behove us, who were only savages and barbarians when these Indian and Chinese peoples were civilized and learned, to dispute their antiquity.”
Aldous Huxley, English novelist (1894-1963)
“The (Bhagavad) Gita is one of the clearest and most comprehensive summaries of the perennial philosophy ever to have been done. Hence its enduring value, not only for the Indians, but also for all mankind. It is perhaps the most systematic spiritual statement of the perennial philosophy. “
Dalai Lama, (b-1935)
“Hindus and Buddhists, we are two sons of the same mother.“
Friedrich Mejer :
“It will no longer remain to be doubted that
the priests of Egypt and the sages of Greece
have drawn directly from the original well of India,
that it is to the banks of the Ganges and the Indus
that our hearts feel drawn as [if] by some hidden urge.”
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)
“Now it is not good for the Christian’s health to hustle the Hindu brown. For the Christian riles and the Hindu smiles and weareth the Christian down ;
And the end of the fight is a tombstone while with the name of the late deceased and the epitaph drear ,
‘A fool lies here who tried to hustle the east’ ”.
John Archibald Wheeler , Theoretical Physicist, who coined “Black Hole” (b-1911)
“I like to think that someone will trace how the deepest thinking of India made its way to Greece and from there to the philosophy of our times.”
Guy Sorman, author of “Genius of India”:
“Temporal notions in Europe were overturned by an India rooted in eternity.
The Bible had been the yardstick for measuring time,
but the infinitely vast time cycles of India
suggested that the world was much older than anything the Bible spoke of.
It seem as if the Indian mind was better prepared for the
chronological mutations of
Darwinian evolution and astrophysics.”
Adam Smith, Father of economics, and author of “Wealth of Nations”: (1723-1790)
”The difference between the genius of the British constitution which protects and governs North America, and that of the mercantile company [British East India Company] which oppresses and domineers in the East Indies[India], cannot perhaps be better illustrated than by the different state of those countries.”
H.G. Wells, Sociologist, and Historian and Author of “Time Machine” and “War of the Worlds” (1866-1946)
”The history of India for many centuries had been happier, less fierce, and more dreamlike than any other history. In these favourable conditions, they built a character – meditative and peaceful and a nation of philosophers such as could nowhere have existed except in India.”
George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist, literary critic, socialist spokesman (1856-1950)
“The Indian way of life provides the vision of the natural, real way of life. We veil ourselves with unnatural masks.
On the face of India are the tender expressions which carry the mark of the Creator’s hand.”
Dr David Frawley, American Teacher, Doctor, Author, Speaker, Historian
“India possesses a great indigenous civilization dating back to 7000 BC, such as recent archaeological discoveries at Mehrgarh clearly reveal. It had the most extensive urban culture in the world in the third millennium BCE with the many cities of the Indus and Sarasvati rivers.
When the Sarasvati river of Vedic fame dried up in the second millennium BCE, the culture shifted east to the more certain rivers of the Gangetic plain, which became the dominant region of the subcontinent.
Gone is the old idea of the Aryan invasion and an outside basis for Indian culture. In its place is the continuity of a civilization and its literature going back to the earliest period of history.
Unfortunately, over the first fifty years since Independence, India has not discovered its real roots. Its intellectuals have mimicked Western trends in thought. They have forgotten their own profound modern sages like Swami Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo who projected modern and futuristic views of the Indian tradition.
While Westerners come to India seeking spiritual knowledge, Indian intellectuals look to the West with an adulation that is often blind, if not obsequious.”
Annie Wood Besant, British Theosophical Society, (1847-1933)
“After a study of some forty years and more of the great religions of the world,
I find none so perfect, none so scientific, none so philosophical and none so spiritual than the great religion known by the name of Hinduism.
Make no mistake, without Hinduism, India has no future.
Hinduism is the soil in to which India’s roots are stuck and torn out of that she will inevitably wither as a tree torn out from its place.
And if Hindus do not maintain Hinduism
– who shall save it?
If India’s own children do not cling to her faith
who shall guard it?
India alone can save India and India and Hinduism are one.”
Dr. Arnold Toynbee British Historian 1889-1975
“It is already becoming clearer that a chapter which has a western beginning will have to have an Indian ending if it is not to end in the self-destruction of the human race… At this supremely dangerous moment in history the only way of salvation for mankind is the Indian Way“
Mark Twain, American Author 1835-1910
”In religion, India is the only millionaire …. The One land
that all men desire to see and having seen once, by even a
glimpse, would not give that glimpse for all the shows of
all the rest of the globe combined”.
Max Muller German Indologist
”If I am asked which natiIon had been advanced in the
ancient world in respect of education and culture then I
would say it was – India”
Thoreau, American Thinker
”In the great teaching of the Vedas, there is no touch of
sectarianism. It is of all ages, climes and natinalities and is the
royal road for the a Uainment of the Great Knowledge“
Apollonius Tyanaeus – Greek Thinker and Traveller 1st Century AD
”In India I found a race of mortals living upon the Earth. but
not adhering to it. Inhabiting cities, but not being ﬁxed to
them, possessing every thing but possessed by nothing”. ‐
A.L. Basham, Australian Indologist
“Ancient Indian theories lacked an empirical base, but they
were brilliant imaginative explanations of the physical
structure of the world, and in a large measure, agreed with
the discoveries of modern physics”
“India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of
human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother
of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition.
Our most valuable and most constructive materials in the
history of man are treasured up in india only”
Will Durant – American Historian 1885-1981
”India was the motherland of our race
And Sanskrit the mother of Europe’s languages.
India was the mother of our philosophy,
of much of our mathematics, of the ideals embodied in
christianity… of self‐government and democracy.
In many ways, Mother India is the mother of us all.”
Romain Rolland – French Philosopher 1886-1944
“If dreams of living men have found a home from the very
earliest days when Man began the dream of existence, it is India.”
“We owe a lot to the Indians who taught us
How to count, without which no worthwhile
scientific discovery could have been made”
Grant Duff British Historian of India
“Many of the advances in the sciences
That we consider today to have been made in Europe
Were in fact made in India centuries ago”